Considering the DRAFT Decision of the Evaluation Body

Genossenschaften have been put on the list Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity despite the negative advice of the Unesco Evaluation Body. Below the reasoning for accepting the nomination.

Decision of the Intergovernmental Committee: 11.COM 10.B.14

The Committee

  • Takes note that Germany has nominated Idea and practice of organizing shared interests in cooperatives (No. 01200) for inscription on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity:

A cooperative is an association of volunteers that provides services of a social, cultural or economic nature to members of the community to help improve living standards, overcome shared challenges and promote positive change. Based on the subsidiarity principle that puts personal responsibility above state action, cooperatives allow for community building through shared interests and values creating innovative solutions to societal problems, from generating employment and assisting seniors to urban revitalization and renewable energy projects. Anyone can participate, with members also able to acquire shares in the association and have a say in its future direction. The system makes available low-interest loans to farmers, craftspeople and entrepreneurs. Today, about a quarter of Germany’s population are members of a cooperative, which besides farmers and craftspeople, includes 90 per cent of its bakers and butchers and 75 per cent of its retailers. Some cooperatives have also been set up specifically for students to gain experience. Associated knowledge and skills are transmitted by cooperatives, universities, the German Cooperative and Raiffeisen Confederation, the Akademie Deutscher Genossenschaften, the German Hermann-Schulze-Delitzsch Society and the German Friedrich-Wilhelm-Raiffeisen Society.

  • Decides that, from the information included in the file, the nomination satisfies the following criteria:

R.1:   The idea and practice of pursuing shared interests in cooperatives has been handed down in Germany from generation to generation and constitutes intangible cultural heritage as defined in Article 2 of the Convention. While collaboration through cooperatives is a worldwide phenomenon, specific characteristics of the community in Germany have been highlighted in the nomination. Mutual respect, equality and solidarity between the bearers are guaranteed by law, resulting from the initiative of the community. Social and cultural purposes are prominent among the shared interests pursued through cooperatives. Throughout Germany, two large associations of volunteers jointly promote the transmission of knowledge and the social practice. All practitioners of the element identify with this community in social, cultural and economic terms;

R.2:   The element’s inscription will contribute to ensuring visibility and awareness of intangible cultural heritage because the large number of bearers and practitioners in Germany will act as multipliers in various domains of daily life like education and culture, house building and renting, agriculture, skilled crafts, transport, credit system etc. Due to its effectiveness in satisfying existential needs, the element clearly shows the part played by intangible cultural heritage in ensuring social cohesion and sustainable development. Inscription will also encourage dialogue among communities with similar cooperative organizations, and the promotion of certain values, such as solidarity;

R.3:   The viability of the element is being ensured by initiatives carried out by the German Hermann-Schulze-Delitzsch Society and the German Friedrich-Wilhelm-Raiffeisen Society, with the support of the submitting State. New safeguarding measures are proposed such as public relations campaigns, competitions, work in schools on the topic of cooperatives, and a cross-border thematic cultural hiking trail. The file recognizes that the element could be decontextualized by legal frameworks that undermine its basic principles and that ongoing negotiations in this respect are necessary. German development cooperation promotes the element in other countries as a response to societal challenges only if and where local partners express such a need and in strict compliance with national laws and regulations of the countries concerned;

R.4:  The file was prepared with the cooperation of representatives of the German Hermann‑Schulze-Delitzsch Society and the German Friedrich-Wilhelm-Raiffeisen Society. The file presents letters expressing the free, prior and informed consent of these two representative institutions. The broad-based consultation with the variety of stakeholders of the element has been carried out in an extensive participatory process of national inventorying (2013). Support for the element’s nomination for inscription on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity was confirmed via the public media and through internal communication processes within the cooperatives;

R.5:   The file presents a relevant extract of inscription of the element on the German Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2014. Traditional bearers, communities and non-governmental organizations were involved in the inscription process. The inventory is organized, maintained and updated by the German National Commission for UNESCO.

  • Inscribes Idea and practice of organizing shared interests in cooperatives on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity;

Thanks the delegation of Germany for the clarifications provided to the Committee on the information included in the file concerning criteria R.1, R.2, R.3 and R.4.

Negatief advies Co-operatieve beweging als Werelderfgoed

De Co-operatieve beweging is aangewezen als UNESCO Werelderfgoed ondanks een negatief advies. Hieronder is het negative advies te lezen. We hopen binnenkort ook de overwegingen te publiceren waarmee de Genossenschaften ondanks dit advies toch Werelderfgoed geworden zijn.

UNESCO EVALUATION BODY: DRAFT DECISION 11.COM 10.b.14  

The Committee

  1. Takes note that Germany has nominated Idea and practice of organizing shared interests in cooperatives (No. 01200) for inscription on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity:

A cooperative is an association of volunteers that provides services of a social, cultural or economic nature to members of the community to help improve living standards, overcome shared challenges and promote positive change. Based on the subsidiarity principle that puts personal responsibility above state action, cooperatives allow for community building through shared interests and values creating innovative solutions to societal problems, from generating employment and assisting seniors to urban revitalization and renewable energy projects. Anyone can participate, with members also able to acquire shares in the association and have a say in its future direction. The system makes available low-interest loans to farmers, craftspeople and entrepreneurs. Today, about a quarter of Germany’s population are members of a cooperative, which besides farmers and craftspeople, includes 90 per cent of its bakers and butchers and 75 per cent of its retailers. Some cooperatives have also been set up specifically for students to gain experience. Associated knowledge and skills are transmitted by cooperatives, universities, the German Cooperative and Raiffeisen Confederation, the Akademie Deutscher Genossenschaften, the German Hermann-Schulze-Delitzsch Society and the German Friedrich-Wilhelm-Raiffeisen Society.

  1. Decides that, from the information included in the file, the nomination satisfies the following criterion:

R.5:   The file presents a relevant extract of inscription of the element on the German Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2014. Traditional bearers, communities and non-governmental organizations were involved in the inscription process. The inventory is organized, maintained and updated by the German National Commission for UNESCO.

  1. Further decides that the information included in the file is not sufficient to allow the Committee to determine whether the following criteria are satisfied:

R.1:   Although the idea and practice of pursuing shared interests in cooperatives has been handed down in Germany from generation to generation, the nomination does not adequately demonstrate that this constitutes intangible cultural heritage as defined in Article 2 of the Convention. The file is considered generally ambiguous: it places emphasis on the notion of collaboration through cooperatives, and on the worldwide understanding of cooperatives, rather than on the specific characteristics that define cooperatives and associated practices for the community or communities concerned with this particular nomination. The bearers and practitioners of the element are not clearly defined and it is therefore unclear whether communities concerned only include members of German Hermann-Schulze-Delitzsch Society and the German Friedrich-Wilhelm-Raiffeisen Society, the German Cooperative and Raiffeisen Confederation, or everyone involved in cooperatives in Germany;

R.2:   Given the difficulty to clearly define the element in question, it is difficult to understand how a possible inscription would contribute to ensuring visibility and awareness of intangible cultural heritage. While the file indicates that inscription would encourage dialogue among communities with similar cooperative organizations, and the promotion of certain values, such as solidarity, the nomination file does not clearly define how such an inscription would enhance the visibility of intangible cultural heritage in general;

R.3:   The viability of the element is being ensured by initiatives carried out by the German Hermann-Schulze-Delitzsch Society and the German Friedrich-Wilhelm-Raiffeisen Society, with the support of the submitting State. New safeguarding measures are proposed such as public relations campaigns, competitions, work in schools on the topic of cooperatives, and a cross-border thematic cultural hiking trail. The file recognizes that the element could be decontextualized by legal frameworks that undermine its basic principles and that ongoing negotiations in this respect are necessary. Furthermore, the proposed promotion of the element in other countries could be considered as inappropriate and not in the spirit of the Convention;

R.4:  The file was prepared with the cooperation of representatives of the German Hermann‑Schulze-Delitzsch Society and the German Friedrich-Wilhelm-Raiffeisen Society. The file presents letters expressing the free, prior and informed consent of these two representative institutions. Given the difficulty to clearly understand the contours of the communities concerned with this element, the consultative process however appears to have been somewhat top-down and the range of evidence for consent provided does not appear to reflect the variety of stakeholders consulted.

  1. Decides to refer the nomination of Idea and practice of organizing shared interests in cooperatives to the submitting State and invites it to resubmit the nomination to the Committee for examination during a following cycle.

 

Gennossenschaftsidee und Praxis in die UNESCO Liste

Pressemitteilung, 30. November 2016

GENOSSENSCHAFTSIDEE UND -PRAXIS ALS ERSTER DEUTSCHER BEITRAG IN DIE UNESCO-LISTE DES IMMATERIELLEN
KULTURERBES AUFGENOMMEN

Der Zwischenstaatliche Ausschuss zum Immateriellen Kulturerbe hat heute in Addis Abeba die Idee und Praxis der Genossenschaft als ersten deutschen Beitrag in die Repräsentative Liste des Immateriellen Kulturerbes aufgenommen. Die Genossenschaft ist eine allen offen stehende Form der gesellschaftlichen Selbstorganisation, ein Modell der
kooperativen Selbsthilfe und Selbstverantwortung. Weltweit wirken etwa 800 Millionen Genossenschaftsmitglieder in über 100 Ländern an ihrer Umsetzung und der Weitergabe des Wissens rund um diese Organisationsform mit, 21 Millionen davon in Deutschland. Die hohe Anzahl von Genossenschaftsmitgliedern in Deutschland und die rechtliche
Absicherung ihrer Grundsätze durch ein Genossenschaftsgesetz sind im internationalen Vergleich Besonderheiten. Seit 2014 ist die Idee der Genossenschaften bereits im deutschen Verzeichnis des Immateriellen Kulturerbes eingetragen.

Prof. Dr. Maria Böhmer, Staatsministerin im Auswärtigen Amt:„Genossenschaften gibt es auf der ganzen Welt. Ihre Arbeit ist eine Antwort auf aktuelle gesellschaftliche Herausforderungen. Sie leisten einen Beitrag zur nachhaltigen Entwicklung beispielsweise durch Armutsreduzierung über lokale Beschäftigung und soziale Integration. Ich freue mich sehr, dass diese erste deutsche Nominierung das Völkerverbindende in den Vordergrund stellt. Die Kulturform der Genossenschaften verbindet uns mit Menschen auf der ganzen Welt!“

Claudia Bogedan, Präsidentin der Kultusministerkonferenz und Bremens Senatorin für Kinder und Bildung: „Die Anerkennung der Genossenschaften als Immaterielles Kulturerbe belegt den Beitrag Immateriellen Kulturerbes zu sozialem Zusammenhalt. In Genossenschaften kommt bürgerschaftliches Engagement jenseits von privaten und staatlichen Wirtschaftsformen zum Ausdruck. Die Genossenschaftsfamilie verstand sich von jeher als eine an sozialen
Werten orientierte Bewegung, die auf ideellen Grundsätzen wie Solidarität, Ehrlichkeit, Verantwortung, Demokratie aufbauend eine alternative Wirtschaftsform bildet.“

Genossenschaften in Deutschland

Eine Genossenschaft ist eine freiwillige Vereinigung von Menschen mit gleichen Interessen, die individuelles Engagement und Selbstbewusstsein fördert und soziale, kulturelle und ökonomische Partizipation ermöglicht.
Mitglieder werden durch den Erwerb von Genossenschaftsanteilen zu Miteigentümern. Ihre, von der Zahl der erworbenen Anteile unabhängige Stimme sichert ihnen Mitbestimmung und die Möglichkeit der aktiven Mitgestaltung zu. Dies ist ein besonderer Ausdruck von Solidarität und gemeinsamer Verantwortung. Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch und
Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen legten Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts in Deutschland wichtige Grundlagen für die heutige
Genossenschaftspraxis.

DUK-Webseite zur Genossenschaftsidee
http://www.unesco.de/index.php?id=7571&rid=t_12289&mid=1110&aC=adb8a9dc&jumpurl=-1
Fotos
http://www.unesco.de/index.php?id=7571&rid=t_12289&mid=1110&aC=adb8a9dc&jumpurl=-2http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/img/photo/thumb/10053-LRG.jpg
Portraitserie Genossenschaften in Deutschland
http://www.unesco.de/index.php?id=7571&rid=t_12289&mid=1110&aC=adb8a9dc&jumpurl=-4
Interview mit Genossenschaftlerin Olga Brandin http://www.unesco.de/index.php?id=7571&rid=t_12289&mid=1110&aC=adb8a9dc&jumpurl=-5
Informationen zur Tagung des Zwischenstaatlichen Ausschusses zum Immateriellen Kulturerbe
http://www.unesco.de/index.php?id=7571&rid=t_12289&mid=1110&aC=adb8a9dc&jumpurl=-6

Pressekontakt
Deutsche UNESCO-Kommission
Pressesprecherin
Katja Römer
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Mobil +49 177 4799530
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