Van Boerenleenbank naar Rabobank

Een kleine geschiedenis van de Boerenleenbank van de Nieuwendammerdijk. 

Annie Swart werkte in de 60’er jaren als cassiere bij de Boerenleenbank aan de Nieuwendammerdijk. Haar vader zat in het bestuur, als opvolger van haar grootvader, die een van de oprichters was van deze bank. Door gezamenlijk kapitaal ter beschikking te stellen werd het mogelijk, voor met name de boeren, om geld te lenen. De grote banken waren terughoudend, wat ruimte bood aan woekeraars. De co-operatieve bank bood het hoofd aan dergelijke praktijken en droeg bij aan de sociale cohesie.

Het gedachtengoed van Raiffeisen werd gedeeld door iedere bankmedewerker, van hoog tot laag, een boek te geven met een levensbeschrijving van de man. Annie vraagt zich af of de huidige medewerkers van de Rabobank nog kennis nemen van zijn gedachtengoed.

Raiffeisen is in het jaar 2018 overleden, hij zal in Duitsland, Zwitserland, Oostenrijk, Italië en Nederland groots worden herdacht.  De Genossenschaften oftewel de co-operatieve beweging, waar de Rabobank ook onder valt, zijn sinds november 2017 onderdeel van UNESO Cultural Hermitage for Humanity.

 

 

 

Considering the DRAFT Decision of the Evaluation Body

Genossenschaften have been put on the list Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity despite the negative advice of the Unesco Evaluation Body. Below the reasoning for accepting the nomination.

Decision of the Intergovernmental Committee: 11.COM 10.B.14

The Committee

  • Takes note that Germany has nominated Idea and practice of organizing shared interests in cooperatives (No. 01200) for inscription on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity:

A cooperative is an association of volunteers that provides services of a social, cultural or economic nature to members of the community to help improve living standards, overcome shared challenges and promote positive change. Based on the subsidiarity principle that puts personal responsibility above state action, cooperatives allow for community building through shared interests and values creating innovative solutions to societal problems, from generating employment and assisting seniors to urban revitalization and renewable energy projects. Anyone can participate, with members also able to acquire shares in the association and have a say in its future direction. The system makes available low-interest loans to farmers, craftspeople and entrepreneurs. Today, about a quarter of Germany’s population are members of a cooperative, which besides farmers and craftspeople, includes 90 per cent of its bakers and butchers and 75 per cent of its retailers. Some cooperatives have also been set up specifically for students to gain experience. Associated knowledge and skills are transmitted by cooperatives, universities, the German Cooperative and Raiffeisen Confederation, the Akademie Deutscher Genossenschaften, the German Hermann-Schulze-Delitzsch Society and the German Friedrich-Wilhelm-Raiffeisen Society.

  • Decides that, from the information included in the file, the nomination satisfies the following criteria:

R.1:   The idea and practice of pursuing shared interests in cooperatives has been handed down in Germany from generation to generation and constitutes intangible cultural heritage as defined in Article 2 of the Convention. While collaboration through cooperatives is a worldwide phenomenon, specific characteristics of the community in Germany have been highlighted in the nomination. Mutual respect, equality and solidarity between the bearers are guaranteed by law, resulting from the initiative of the community. Social and cultural purposes are prominent among the shared interests pursued through cooperatives. Throughout Germany, two large associations of volunteers jointly promote the transmission of knowledge and the social practice. All practitioners of the element identify with this community in social, cultural and economic terms;

R.2:   The element’s inscription will contribute to ensuring visibility and awareness of intangible cultural heritage because the large number of bearers and practitioners in Germany will act as multipliers in various domains of daily life like education and culture, house building and renting, agriculture, skilled crafts, transport, credit system etc. Due to its effectiveness in satisfying existential needs, the element clearly shows the part played by intangible cultural heritage in ensuring social cohesion and sustainable development. Inscription will also encourage dialogue among communities with similar cooperative organizations, and the promotion of certain values, such as solidarity;

R.3:   The viability of the element is being ensured by initiatives carried out by the German Hermann-Schulze-Delitzsch Society and the German Friedrich-Wilhelm-Raiffeisen Society, with the support of the submitting State. New safeguarding measures are proposed such as public relations campaigns, competitions, work in schools on the topic of cooperatives, and a cross-border thematic cultural hiking trail. The file recognizes that the element could be decontextualized by legal frameworks that undermine its basic principles and that ongoing negotiations in this respect are necessary. German development cooperation promotes the element in other countries as a response to societal challenges only if and where local partners express such a need and in strict compliance with national laws and regulations of the countries concerned;

R.4:  The file was prepared with the cooperation of representatives of the German Hermann‑Schulze-Delitzsch Society and the German Friedrich-Wilhelm-Raiffeisen Society. The file presents letters expressing the free, prior and informed consent of these two representative institutions. The broad-based consultation with the variety of stakeholders of the element has been carried out in an extensive participatory process of national inventorying (2013). Support for the element’s nomination for inscription on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity was confirmed via the public media and through internal communication processes within the cooperatives;

R.5:   The file presents a relevant extract of inscription of the element on the German Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2014. Traditional bearers, communities and non-governmental organizations were involved in the inscription process. The inventory is organized, maintained and updated by the German National Commission for UNESCO.

  • Inscribes Idea and practice of organizing shared interests in cooperatives on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity;

Thanks the delegation of Germany for the clarifications provided to the Committee on the information included in the file concerning criteria R.1, R.2, R.3 and R.4.

Negatief advies Co-operatieve beweging als Werelderfgoed

De Co-operatieve beweging is aangewezen als UNESCO Werelderfgoed ondanks een negatief advies. Hieronder is het negative advies te lezen. We hopen binnenkort ook de overwegingen te publiceren waarmee de Genossenschaften ondanks dit advies toch Werelderfgoed geworden zijn.

UNESCO EVALUATION BODY: DRAFT DECISION 11.COM 10.b.14  

The Committee

  1. Takes note that Germany has nominated Idea and practice of organizing shared interests in cooperatives (No. 01200) for inscription on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity:

A cooperative is an association of volunteers that provides services of a social, cultural or economic nature to members of the community to help improve living standards, overcome shared challenges and promote positive change. Based on the subsidiarity principle that puts personal responsibility above state action, cooperatives allow for community building through shared interests and values creating innovative solutions to societal problems, from generating employment and assisting seniors to urban revitalization and renewable energy projects. Anyone can participate, with members also able to acquire shares in the association and have a say in its future direction. The system makes available low-interest loans to farmers, craftspeople and entrepreneurs. Today, about a quarter of Germany’s population are members of a cooperative, which besides farmers and craftspeople, includes 90 per cent of its bakers and butchers and 75 per cent of its retailers. Some cooperatives have also been set up specifically for students to gain experience. Associated knowledge and skills are transmitted by cooperatives, universities, the German Cooperative and Raiffeisen Confederation, the Akademie Deutscher Genossenschaften, the German Hermann-Schulze-Delitzsch Society and the German Friedrich-Wilhelm-Raiffeisen Society.

  1. Decides that, from the information included in the file, the nomination satisfies the following criterion:

R.5:   The file presents a relevant extract of inscription of the element on the German Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2014. Traditional bearers, communities and non-governmental organizations were involved in the inscription process. The inventory is organized, maintained and updated by the German National Commission for UNESCO.

  1. Further decides that the information included in the file is not sufficient to allow the Committee to determine whether the following criteria are satisfied:

R.1:   Although the idea and practice of pursuing shared interests in cooperatives has been handed down in Germany from generation to generation, the nomination does not adequately demonstrate that this constitutes intangible cultural heritage as defined in Article 2 of the Convention. The file is considered generally ambiguous: it places emphasis on the notion of collaboration through cooperatives, and on the worldwide understanding of cooperatives, rather than on the specific characteristics that define cooperatives and associated practices for the community or communities concerned with this particular nomination. The bearers and practitioners of the element are not clearly defined and it is therefore unclear whether communities concerned only include members of German Hermann-Schulze-Delitzsch Society and the German Friedrich-Wilhelm-Raiffeisen Society, the German Cooperative and Raiffeisen Confederation, or everyone involved in cooperatives in Germany;

R.2:   Given the difficulty to clearly define the element in question, it is difficult to understand how a possible inscription would contribute to ensuring visibility and awareness of intangible cultural heritage. While the file indicates that inscription would encourage dialogue among communities with similar cooperative organizations, and the promotion of certain values, such as solidarity, the nomination file does not clearly define how such an inscription would enhance the visibility of intangible cultural heritage in general;

R.3:   The viability of the element is being ensured by initiatives carried out by the German Hermann-Schulze-Delitzsch Society and the German Friedrich-Wilhelm-Raiffeisen Society, with the support of the submitting State. New safeguarding measures are proposed such as public relations campaigns, competitions, work in schools on the topic of cooperatives, and a cross-border thematic cultural hiking trail. The file recognizes that the element could be decontextualized by legal frameworks that undermine its basic principles and that ongoing negotiations in this respect are necessary. Furthermore, the proposed promotion of the element in other countries could be considered as inappropriate and not in the spirit of the Convention;

R.4:  The file was prepared with the cooperation of representatives of the German Hermann‑Schulze-Delitzsch Society and the German Friedrich-Wilhelm-Raiffeisen Society. The file presents letters expressing the free, prior and informed consent of these two representative institutions. Given the difficulty to clearly understand the contours of the communities concerned with this element, the consultative process however appears to have been somewhat top-down and the range of evidence for consent provided does not appear to reflect the variety of stakeholders consulted.

  1. Decides to refer the nomination of Idea and practice of organizing shared interests in cooperatives to the submitting State and invites it to resubmit the nomination to the Committee for examination during a following cycle.

 

Gennossenschaftsidee und Praxis in die UNESCO Liste

Pressemitteilung, 30. November 2016

GENOSSENSCHAFTSIDEE UND -PRAXIS ALS ERSTER DEUTSCHER BEITRAG IN DIE UNESCO-LISTE DES IMMATERIELLEN
KULTURERBES AUFGENOMMEN

Der Zwischenstaatliche Ausschuss zum Immateriellen Kulturerbe hat heute in Addis Abeba die Idee und Praxis der Genossenschaft als ersten deutschen Beitrag in die Repräsentative Liste des Immateriellen Kulturerbes aufgenommen. Die Genossenschaft ist eine allen offen stehende Form der gesellschaftlichen Selbstorganisation, ein Modell der
kooperativen Selbsthilfe und Selbstverantwortung. Weltweit wirken etwa 800 Millionen Genossenschaftsmitglieder in über 100 Ländern an ihrer Umsetzung und der Weitergabe des Wissens rund um diese Organisationsform mit, 21 Millionen davon in Deutschland. Die hohe Anzahl von Genossenschaftsmitgliedern in Deutschland und die rechtliche
Absicherung ihrer Grundsätze durch ein Genossenschaftsgesetz sind im internationalen Vergleich Besonderheiten. Seit 2014 ist die Idee der Genossenschaften bereits im deutschen Verzeichnis des Immateriellen Kulturerbes eingetragen.

Prof. Dr. Maria Böhmer, Staatsministerin im Auswärtigen Amt:„Genossenschaften gibt es auf der ganzen Welt. Ihre Arbeit ist eine Antwort auf aktuelle gesellschaftliche Herausforderungen. Sie leisten einen Beitrag zur nachhaltigen Entwicklung beispielsweise durch Armutsreduzierung über lokale Beschäftigung und soziale Integration. Ich freue mich sehr, dass diese erste deutsche Nominierung das Völkerverbindende in den Vordergrund stellt. Die Kulturform der Genossenschaften verbindet uns mit Menschen auf der ganzen Welt!“

Claudia Bogedan, Präsidentin der Kultusministerkonferenz und Bremens Senatorin für Kinder und Bildung: „Die Anerkennung der Genossenschaften als Immaterielles Kulturerbe belegt den Beitrag Immateriellen Kulturerbes zu sozialem Zusammenhalt. In Genossenschaften kommt bürgerschaftliches Engagement jenseits von privaten und staatlichen Wirtschaftsformen zum Ausdruck. Die Genossenschaftsfamilie verstand sich von jeher als eine an sozialen
Werten orientierte Bewegung, die auf ideellen Grundsätzen wie Solidarität, Ehrlichkeit, Verantwortung, Demokratie aufbauend eine alternative Wirtschaftsform bildet.“

Genossenschaften in Deutschland

Eine Genossenschaft ist eine freiwillige Vereinigung von Menschen mit gleichen Interessen, die individuelles Engagement und Selbstbewusstsein fördert und soziale, kulturelle und ökonomische Partizipation ermöglicht.
Mitglieder werden durch den Erwerb von Genossenschaftsanteilen zu Miteigentümern. Ihre, von der Zahl der erworbenen Anteile unabhängige Stimme sichert ihnen Mitbestimmung und die Möglichkeit der aktiven Mitgestaltung zu. Dies ist ein besonderer Ausdruck von Solidarität und gemeinsamer Verantwortung. Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch und
Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen legten Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts in Deutschland wichtige Grundlagen für die heutige
Genossenschaftspraxis.

DUK-Webseite zur Genossenschaftsidee
http://www.unesco.de/index.php?id=7571&rid=t_12289&mid=1110&aC=adb8a9dc&jumpurl=-1
Fotos
http://www.unesco.de/index.php?id=7571&rid=t_12289&mid=1110&aC=adb8a9dc&jumpurl=-2http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/img/photo/thumb/10053-LRG.jpg
Portraitserie Genossenschaften in Deutschland
http://www.unesco.de/index.php?id=7571&rid=t_12289&mid=1110&aC=adb8a9dc&jumpurl=-4
Interview mit Genossenschaftlerin Olga Brandin http://www.unesco.de/index.php?id=7571&rid=t_12289&mid=1110&aC=adb8a9dc&jumpurl=-5
Informationen zur Tagung des Zwischenstaatlichen Ausschusses zum Immateriellen Kulturerbe
http://www.unesco.de/index.php?id=7571&rid=t_12289&mid=1110&aC=adb8a9dc&jumpurl=-6

Pressekontakt
Deutsche UNESCO-Kommission
Pressesprecherin
Katja Römer
Tel. +49 288 60497-42
Mobil +49 177 4799530
Email roemer@unesco.de http://www.unesco.de/index.php?id=7571&rid=t_12289&mid=1110&aC=adb8a9dc&jumpurl=-7
Pressemitteilung
Deutsche UNESCO-Kommission e.V. • Colmantstraße 15 • 53115 Bonn
Telefon: 0228-60497-44 • Internet: www.unesco.de/presse http://www.unesco.de/index.php?id=7571&rid=t_12289&mid=1110&aC=adb8a9dc&jumpurl=-8
Die Deutsche UNESCO-Kommission (DUK) ist Deutschlands Mittlerorganisation
für multilaterale Politik in Bildung, Wissenschaft, Kultur und Kommunikation.
Seit ihrer Gründung 1950 bringt die DUK den Sachverstand aus Politik
und Zivilgesellschaft für die Ziele der UNESCO zusammen.

http://www.unesco.de/index.php?id=7571&rid=t_12289&mid=1110&aC=adb8a9dc&jumpurl=-9
Pressemitteilung abbestellen
http://www.unesco.de/index.php?id=7571&rid=t_12289&mid=1110&aC=adb8a9dc&jumpurl=-10

Schultze-Delitzsch Gesellschaft supports nomination Dutch National Inventory

The Hermann Schultze-Delitzsch Gesellschaft supports the nomination of the Governors’ and Memento Mori Associations of Nieuwendam. They regard the co-operative movement as elementary for the Dutch Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage.

The Schultze-Delitzsch Gesellschaft is one of the two organisations that has put forward an application for the Genossenschaften on the Word Heritage List of UNESCO. The nomination will be discussed in the week of 28 november 2016 in Addis Abeba on a UNESCO convention.

delitzsch-copy

(Following: an excerpt from Wikipedia 11-’16)

Franz Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch (29 August 1808 – 29 April 1883) was a German politician and economist. He was responsible for the organizing of the world’s first credit unions. He was also co-founder of the German Progress Party.

Schultze-Delitzsch devoted himself to the organization and development of co-operation in Germany, and to the foundation of Vorschussvereine(peoples’ banks), of which he had established the first at Delitzsch in 1850. In 1859 the more than 200 such banks were centrally organized under the direction of Schulze-Delitzsch. He promoted the first Genossenschaftstag, a co-operative meeting, in Weimar, and founded a central bureau of co-operative societies. In 1861 he again entered the Prussian Chamber, and became a prominent member of the Progressist party.

The spread of these co-operative organizations naturally led to legislation on the subject, and this too was chiefly the work of Schulze-Delitzsch. As a member of the Chamber in 1867 he was mainly instrumental in passing the Prussian law of association, which was extended to the North German Confederation in 1868, and later to the empire. Schulze-Delitzsch also contributed to uniformity of legislation throughout the states of Germany, in 1869, by the publication of Die Gesetzgebung über die privatrechtliche Stellung der Erwerbs- und Wirthschaftsgenossenschaften, etc.[1]

Both as a writer and a member of the Reichstag his industry was incessant, and he died in harness on 29 April 1883 at Potsdam, leaving the reputation of a benefactor to the smaller tradesmen and artisans. At the time of his death, there were in Germany alone 3,500 co-operative banking branches with more than $100,000,000 in deposits, while the system had been extended to Austria, Italy, Belgium and Russia.[2] His work was noteworthy enough to attain mention in Leo Tolstoy’s novel, Anna Karenina.

Co-operative Movement of the Netherlands on the National Inventory Intangible Cultural Heritage?

tempel blauwFoundation Journey of the Razzia (Reis van de Razzia) has put forward a proposal to list the Co-operative Movement of the Netherlands on the National Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage.

The proposal wil be evaluated in November 2016, somewhere at the time the German application to put the Genossenschaften on the Word heritage reference list of UNESCO wil be decided. The Dutch proposal is effectively put forward by the Associations ‘To Our Avail’ and ‘Memento Mori’. The proposal is backed by the National Co-operative Museum. 


(The following come from the research report). 

The research project ‘Chronicle of a Gov’s Association’ has established by fact that the Association “To Our Avail” is not an isolated biotope. The Association was able to respond adequately to the evolving economical circumstances and this has contributed to her longevity. “To Our Avail”’ has also empowered the local community for more than a century by strengthening social cohesion. Apart from that, the flexibility of the economy increased because the cooperative movements lead to a greater diversity of business structures. 

The attention for cooperative forms can be traced back to the early Middle Ages. ”At that time”, argues Prof. De Moor, ”there was a Silent Revolution, because it didn’t evolve riots, but the construction of new social institutions”. The current economical cycles we are experiencing are, according to the De Moor, evidence of a new Silent Revolution. New Business-models increasingly incorporate cooperative principles as a solution for the dwindling Welfare-State. Nevertheless, despite her longstanding history, the cooperative principles are not always being carried forward by businesses presenting themselves as “commons”. The up and coming Sharing Economy and changing structures of some well-known Cooperative Banks seriously contribute to this wide-spread disorientation. 

Nurturing of and promoting the cooperative principles encourages new forms of Institutions for Collective Action orientate and helps to prevent confusion. The project ‘Chronicle of The Governor’s Association’ provides a modest contribution by securing the importance and the history of this local cooperative through immortalizing the personal stories and minutes of ”To Our Avail” and by situating them in the context of their times. In line with this we propose the Cooperative Movement as a suitable candidate for the Dutch National Intangible Heritage Inventory.[1] At present our request coincides with the current application to the UNESCO Commission Germany for the Genossenshaften to be included on the Representative List for the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The Association “To Our Avail” is very proud to be part of this movement and is looking forward to see the German application for UNESCO accepted by November 2016.

(Translation: Jeanette Tierney)

De Coöperatieve Beweging op de Nationale Inventaris Immaterieel Cultureel Erfgoed

De verenigingen Ons Belang (1905) en Gedenkt te Sterven (1828) hebben een aanvraag ingediend om de Coöperatieve Beweging op de Nationale Inventaris Immaterieel Cultureel Erfgoed geplaatst te krijgen. De aanvraag wordt ondersteund door het Nationaal Cooperatie Museum en wordt onderbouwd door het researchproject Kroniek van een Bazenbondje dat met medewerking van de researchgroep ‘Institutions for Collective Action’ van de Universiteit van Utrecht tot stand is gekomen. De toetsingscommisie buigt zich in november over de aanvraag, de datum is nog niet bekend. Deze Nederlandse aanvraag loopt parallel aan die van de Duitse Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffaisen en het Hermann Schultze-Delitzsch Gesellschaften, die een voordracht hebben gedaan om de Genossenschaften op de Werelderfgoedlijst van Unesco te plaatsen.

 

De coöperatieve bank als functioneel erfgoed

Posters in Merano in Italie vertellen waar de Raifeissenbank vandaan komt. De volledige campagne suggereert dat er toekomst zit in het oorspronkelijke idee, wat bijzonder is i2016-08-28-PHOTO-00000011n een tijd waarin coöperatieve banken onder druk staan om steeds meer corporate te gaan functioneren.

Duitsland heeft in 2015 de Genossenschaften voorgedragen voor de Werelderfgoedlijst van Unesco. Stichting Reis van de Razzia heeft de Nederlandse coöperatieve praktijk voorgedragen voor de Nederlandse inventaris Immaterieel Erfgoed. De aanvraag wordt ondersteund door het Nationale Coöperatie Museum in Schiedam. De beslissing om de Duitse aanvraag te honoreren valt in november 2016.

Postercampagne in Merano, Italie
Postercampagne in Merano, Italie. augustus 2016

 

Platform co-ops: How can workers defeat the ‘Death Stars’?

Uit een artikel door Rebbeca Harvey, 

“As ‘Death Star platforms’ such as Airbnb and Uber continue their pursuit of global domination, an alternative is rising in its wake,” wrote Cat Johnson in an introduction to 11 Platform Cooperatives creating a real sharing economy. She was referring to platform co-operatives, which work on the simple co-operative principle of putting power “back in the hands of the people”.

In November, over 1,000 people gathered at a conference in New York to explore how this could be achieved and, since then, discussion around the idea has blossomed. The term itself was coined by author and academic Trebor Scholz, to “give a name to what a lot of people have been longing for – and even working on already”.

Read more: Platform Cooperativism: Taking back the internet

“Platform co-operatives, which share the value they create with the users they depend on, are on the rise,” added Ms Johnson. “As Shareable co-founder Neal Gorenflo writes: ‘platform co-ops combine a co-operative business structure with an online platform to deliver a real-world service’”.

The 11 inspiring platform co-operatives Ms Johnson lists cover ride-sharing/car-sharing organisations (Juno, New York; Modo, Vancouver; Tapazz, Belgium), taxis (Union Taxi, Denver; VTC Cab, Paris) and technology (Enspiral, New Zealand; Timefounder, Barcelona; Backfeed, Israel), as well as Peerby, a Dutch neighbour-to-neighbour goods sharing platform; the stock photo site Stocksy; and Fairmondo, an ethical alternative to eBay.

But not all those would be considered “true” co-operatives under the structures of their countries. “I and, I imagine, the vast majority of people in the global co-operative movement feel quite strongly that to be described as a co-op (platform or otherwise) you should, well, actually be a co-op,” says co-op activist and writer Josef Davies-Coates.

www.thenews.coop/106064/news/co-operatives

‘Commons’ en Sharing Economy

In het kader van Europese wetgeving gericht op transparantie komt er meer druk op de kleine coöperatieve verenigingen komt te staan. Ook de grote zorginstellingen stellen contractuele eisen waar kleinere coöperaties moeilijk moeilijk aan kunnen voldoen. (Bron: Researchgroep Institutions for Collective Action, Universiteit van Utrecht).

Kleinere coöperaties in Nederland krijgen steeds moeilijker en worden incidenteel zelfs opgeheven. Voor instituten die zich oorspronkelijk op eigen kracht hebben moeten oprichten is deze bemoeienis moeilijk te verteren, zeker als hij eerder beperkend is dan stimulerend. Een nieuwe waardering van het coöperatief erfgoed kan een goede stimulans zijn voor een sfeer van openheid waardoor er gezamenlijk kan worden gezocht naar antwoorden. Er zal ook overeenstemming moeten zijn over wat de coöperatieve gedachte inhoudt. Er is een plethora aan nieuwe initiatieven die misverstanden in de hand werken. Zo’n misverstand is dat ‘the sharing economy’ een vorm van ‘commons’ is en daarmee een soort cooperatie kan zijn.

Afbeelding: Meridian 180 forum "Sharing Economy"
Afbeelding: Meridian 180 forum “Sharing Economy”

Brian Van Slyke en David Morgan stellen op hun website “Grassroots Economic Organizing’ dat: ‘Sinds de recessie zijn er meer en meer mensen op zoek naar economische alternatieven. Men zoekt naar mutuele oplossingen in plaats van de “het is ieder voor zich” filosofie. In de kern is de ‘sharing economy’ echter een regeling om de risico’s van bedrijven te verschuiven naar individuen met de bedoeling om enorme winsten op te strijken met lage vaste kosten’. Deze ‘sharing economy’ bedrijven behoren tot de oude extractieve economie maar werken onder de vlag van de nieuwe generatieve economie. Ze doen zich voor als commons, als coöperatieve bedrijven en instituten maar zijn het niet. Deze verwarring van definities wordt onderschreven door prof. Tine de Moor van de Universiteit van Utrecht. Zij pleit voor een helder onderscheid waardoor de kwaliteiten van de coöperatieve beweging in onze veranderende verzorgingsstaat tot hun recht kunnen komen.

1844 - Rochdale Pioneers Society established
Afbeelding (www.co-operative.coop): 1844 – Rochdale Pioneers Society established

De coöperatieve beginselen zijn wezenlijk verschillend van veel bedrijven die zich groeperen onder de sharing economy. De definitie van een coöperatie -volgens Rochdale- is dat heteen autonome vereniging is van personen die zich vrijwillig hebben verenigd om hun gemeenschappelijke economische, sociale en culturele behoeften te versterken door middel van gezamenlijk eigendom binnen een democratisch gecontroleerde onderneming of instituut, gereguleerd door met elkaar overeengekomen beginselen. Het gaat niet om de rechtsvorm coöperatie, als aan de beginselen tegemoet wordt gekomen, als aan de beginselen wordt beantwoord is er sprake van een coöperatie.

bbondje_rood_achterland_basisHet onderzoek ‘Kroniek van een Bazenbondje’ dat word uitgevoerd door Stichting Reis van de Razzia is medio september 2016 beschikbaar . Uit het verslag wordt verder duidelijk waar de traditie uit bestaat, hoe hij geworteld is in de samenleving en wat de historische verbanden en achtergronden zijn. (Dit is het fragment van een tekst uit de aanvraag om de coöperatieve beweging te plaatsen op de lijst van de Nationale Inventaris Immaterieel Cultureel Erfgoed Koninkrijk Nederland)